Land reform and ownership in Yugoslavia 1919-1953. by Ranko M. Brashich

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Published by Free Europe Committee in New York .

Written in English

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SeriesMid-European Studies Center publications -- no.17
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13730723M

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Land reform and ownership in Yugoslavia, New York: Mid-European Studies Center, Free Europe Committee, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors /. The land reform movements initiated by the Royal Yugoslav Government and by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in andrespectively, addressed themselves to the poverty which blanketed much of the overpopulated Yugoslav countryside.(2) Then, as now, most landholdings were in plots under 10 hectares, which precluded the use Author: George Klein, Patricia V.

Klein. Land reform in the s and s based on the reform law in Yugoslavia transferred ownership of almost million hectares, from which overpeasants (out of 2 million in ) by: 2.

Land Reform and Ownership in Yugoslavia (Mid-European Studies Center, New York, ), Ekonomski Institut FNRJ, Privreda FNRJ--u periodu od godine (Beograd, ); Nikola Dragi'cevic, "Perspektiva Razoja Potencijalnih Izvora FNRJ,". Land Reforms in East Central Europe After World War One: Author: Wojciech Roszkowski: Publisher: Institute of Political Studies, Polish Acadmy of Sciences, Original from: the University of California: Digitized: ISBN:Length: pages: Export Citation: BiBTeX EndNote RefMan.

Jugoslawien by Werner Markert; Land Reform and Ownership in Yugoslavia by Ranko M. Brashich; The Population of Yugoslavia by Paul F. Myers, Arthur A.

Campbell (pp. This systematic evaluation treats " land reform " and " agrarian reform " as synonomous. The " agrarian structure " or " land system " is held to mean the institutional framework of agriculture and to include the distribution of ownership in land, and the forms of land tenure and agricultural employment.

Organizations such as co-operatives and trade unions are regarded as part of the structure. The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late ’s and early ’s.

This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for.

Based on the overview of land reform approaches, the classical, mainly Land reform and ownership in Yugoslavia 1919-1953. book European, theory and definitions on land fragmentation (e.g.

Binns,King and Burton,McPherson,Bentley, ) will be discussed together with the few theoretical attempts to assess land fragmentation in a Central and Eastern European context (Sabates-Wheeler,Van Dijk.

The history of English land law can be traced for eons, into Roman times, and through the Early Middle Ages under post-Roman chieftains and Saxon monarchs where, as for most of human history, land was the dominant source of personal wealth.

English land law transformed further from the Saxon days, to post-Norman Invasion feudal encastellation, from the Industrial Revolution and over the 19th.

Land Reform In simple terms, land reform means the redistribution or restitution of rights in land to beneficiaries, mostly the poor and people who had been disposed of their land or property.

This agrarian revolution was made famous in the West by William Hinton's book Fanshen. By the time land reform was completed, at least a million landlords and members of their families had been publicly executed or beaten to death by enraged peasants.

Land reform, a purposive change in the way in which agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of cultivation that are employed, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the s such as these may be proclaimed by a government, by interested groups, or by revolution.

The concept of land reform has varied over time according to the range of functions which land itself has. The land reform in eliminated the large landowners and the surviving features of the feudal system and limited holdings to a maximum of 75 – 87 acres (lowered further to 25 acres in ).

There were also limits on private property in real estate and a proportional tax on personal incomes was introduced (Uvalić, R.p. 3 Statistički GodišnjakBelgrade: SZS,Table ; 4 See Wairiner (Doieen), “Urban thinkers and peasant policy in Yugoslavia, ”, Slavonic & Eas ; 6 The area which became Yugoslavia was slow to urbanise in comparison with many other parts of Europe.

In there were only six towns in the kingdom with populations greater than 50and only 29 with. The government started the land reform programme inopting for the willing buyer-willing seller system to buy land at market-related prices from white farmers who owned the land before.

Having realised this the Ministry of Land Reform commissioned two separate studies in /16 titled: “An enquiry into land markets in Namibia's communal areas” and “Group rights to land. Book Description: Yugoslavia as History is the first book to examine the bloody demise of the former Yugoslavia in the full light of its history.

This new edition of John Lampe's accessible and authoritative history devotes a full new chapter to the tragic ethnic wars that have followed the dissolution of Yugoslavia, first in Croatia and Bosnia. life of Yugoslavia in the long history of the twentieth century. This book tells the story of why and under which conditions Yugoslavia was created, what held the multinational state together for more than seventy years, and why it finally broke apart in violence.

It is a tale of confidence and doubt, of progress. Land reform in the context of transition implies establishment of private property rights in land in countries where land was nationalized (e.g., Albania, the Baltic states, the rest of the former Soviet republics) and restoration of the primacy of ownership rights over use rights in countries where private ownership was never.

PRIVATE land-ownership and political freedom usually go together. But not in Russia, where it is the powers-that-be, not the people, who decide about land. It has always been that way.

In the initial post-war period a land reform took place in Yugoslavia and a number of peasants' working co-operatives were organized. But in the main the rich-peasant economy was left untouched.

In the Tito clique openly declared its abandonment of the road of agricultural collectivization and began to disband the peasants' working co. The land reform from to addressed different problems depending on the region. In the western and southern parts (BiH, Kosovo, and Macedonia), land ownership was transferred from the Turkish aga2 to peasants, resulting in the dissolution of the.

Land reform was an integral part of the Viet Minh and communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam. A Viet Minh Land Reform Law of 4 December called for (1) confiscation of land belonging to landlords who were enemies of the regime; (2) requisition of land from landlords not judged to be enemies; and (3) purchase with payment in bonds.

Government has committed to rectify Bilateral Investment Protection and Promotion Agreements (BIPPAs) that were violated during the implementation of the Land Reform Programme in. Brashich, Ranko. LAND REFORM AND OWNERSHIP IN YUGOSLAVIA 3. New York, Mid-European Studies Center, Free Europe Committee, P* CHANGES IN THE ECONOMIC COMPOSITION OF THE YUGOSLAV POPULATION IN THE LAST FORTY YEARS.

(u.s. Joint Publications Research Service,Ap ). 8 p. (Sociological Translations on Eastern. Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.

[1] Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural reform can, therefore, refer to transfer of ownership from the more powerful to the less powerful:such as.

Territorial division of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, – Division of the former Yugoslavia, – Yugoslavia’s internal borders, – Grain land and rural overpopulation, Ethnic majorities in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, and Kosovo,   In the National Coalition for Land Reform held the First National Conference on Land Reform.

Participants from Appalachia, the South, the Northern Plains, Midwest, New England and indigenous lands, as well as from the organic farming sector, the coops, the land trusts and farmworker organizations, called for land reform.

Iran - Iran - The White Revolution: The period –63 marked a turning point in the development of the Iranian state. Industrial expansion was promoted by the Pahlavi regime, while political parties that resisted the shah’s absolute consolidation of power were silenced and pushed to the margins.

In the shah dissolved the 20th Majles and cleared the way for the land reform law of Collective farming and communal farming are various types of "agricultural production in which multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise".

There are two broad types of communal farms: Agricultural cooperatives, in which member-owners jointly engage in farming activities as a collective, and state farms, which are owned and directly run by a centralized government.

The post-communist land reform begun in as part of the transition to the market was in effect a replay of the land reform, and the arable land held in cooperatives and state farms was equally distributed among all rural households without regard to pre-communist ownership rights.

Contrary to other transition countries in Central and. Choice Reviews. A History of Yugoslavia is the best general history of Yugoslavia since the publication of John R. Lampe’s Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country (CH, Sep'97, ).Calic (Ludwig Maximilian University) carries readers from the 19th-century development of the Yugoslav idea to the formation of Yugoslav states following the First and Second World Wars and finally to.

In former Yugoslavia, also the collectivization process was not that one expected by the communist leaders, even more. One can talk about a failure of this forced collectivization. In this country also, as in ours, it was elaborated an agrarian reform in the yearwhich was ordered by political reasons more than economic.

Yugoslavia. THE REFORMS OF In Decemberthe Markovic government presented an economic reform package. The program was actually a continuation of a reform that attempted to introduce a "united market economy" compatible with the current self-management system.

ownership structure, particularly collectives, SOEs, and land ownership, which is then followed by a closer look at the post-Mao shareholding reform, its trends and problems from the basic. In the Hungarian part of the Batschka the land reform of 15 th of March included the total expropriation of the ethnic Germans.

It was confirmed with the law made on 9 th on June regarding the confiscation and their implementation in Yugoslavia. land use and productivity."1 This was followed by the submission of a land reform resolution to the United Nations and by a series of official policy pronouncement s at meetings of the Economic and Social Council, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and other United Nations organs.2 In this way, the land problem was—perhaps for the first.

Yugoslavia. Economic Life and Foreign Policy in the s. Yugoslavia inherited formidable economic problems after World War I. The new kingdom had to repair war damage, repay debts, eradicate feudalism by passing land reform, integrate differing customs areas, currencies, rail networks, and banking systems, and make up for shortages of capital and skilled labor.

A study of land use in Latin America showed that farmers who owned up to 10 acres cultivated 72%of their land, but farmers with over 86 acres cultivated only 14% of their land was used for pasture and 37% was left idle.

Similarly, a study of Ecuador showed that farmers with more than acres used a little over 25%. Mr. Berman's letter illustrates the point I made about selective concern in the opening paragraph of my article. His outrage is reserved for the case of Vincent Schultz, a white commercial farmer who owns a 1,acre farm.

This is approximately times the size of the average black owned farm, and is situated on land far more suitable for agriculture than the barren lands blacks were herded.Land reforms (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) is an often-controversial alteration in the societal arrangements whereby government administers possession and use of reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed real estate property redistribution, generally of agricultural land, or be part of an even more revolutionary program that.YUGOSLAVIA.

THE LAND AND PEOPLE ECONOMY CULTURE AND THE ARTS HISTORY AND POLITICS BIBLIOGRAPHY. Yugoslavia (meaning "South Slavia" or "land of the South Slavs"), was created twice in the twentieth century—both times after a world war—and it disintegrated twice: the first time because of an invasion and partition during the Second World War and the second time at the .

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